An accurate identification of a problem is crucial for a satisfactory solution.
Does it make sense, in a country with extremely low rainfall, where 95% of water for agriculture comes from groundwater, to rely entirely on crops that require lots of water? No, of course not! But Suadi Arabia is ruled by members of an unelected family who think it’s ok to stone women to death for adultery and to chop people’s heads off for sorcery, drugs and homosexuality, or perhaps more importantly for not believing a story without evidence.With a realistic perspective, it all makes perfect sense.
The mainstream media have given the world a totally fictional view of the Saudi state and as a result, any appraisal of the cause of the problem will be flawed. We talk about “climate change” or lower rainfall when in reality the problem is that mad people are in charge. There are people in Saudi Arabia who know a lot about ecology, about natural systems and how they work, and about how to rectify all the problems (which are not caused by some deficiency in the environment, but by a severe mental deficiency in the rulers). Those people are not in charge.
A new study published in Science Advances shows that the global fresh water crisis is worse than previously thought. Other studies focus on annual figures and fail to take into account seasonal fluctuations in rainfall. The new study assesses “blue water scarcity globally at a high spatial resolution on a monthly basis” and finds that two-thirds of the world’s human population experiences severe water shortage for at least one month of the year.
Considering that human needs are prioritized in all situations, we can conclude that the situation for life on earth as a whole is probably even worse than these figures indicate. The adoption of permaculture is a crucial part of remedying this situation. Coercive measures proposed by agencies and governments do not address the underlying ignorance which is the real cause, they only give the ignorant bureaucrats and their power-crazy masters even more control over the population and do nothing useful.
Plos One has published a study that implies that fungal spores can create rain.
From the Abstract:
Millions of tons of fungal spores are dispersed in the atmosphere every year. These living cells, along with plant spores and pollen grains, may act as nuclei for condensation of water in clouds. Basidiospores released by mushrooms form a significant proportion of these aerosols, particularly above tropical forests. Mushroom spores are discharged from gills by the rapid displacement of a droplet of fluid on the cell surface. This droplet is formed by the condensation of water on the spore surface stimulated by the secretion of mannitol and other hygroscopic sugars. This fluid is carried with the spore during discharge, but evaporates once the spore is airborne.
You can see from the work of Bill Mollison and others that it’s quite possible to green the desert without massive infrastructure projects. The present desertification of the South-West of the United States is not a result of “climate change”, it’s the result of misuse of the water that’s always been there, under the ground, regardless of the periodic minor variations in climate.
The second video below gives an idea of what could have happened had common sense prevailed over the short term self-interest of a very few, and what could still happen if people wake up.
Despite ‘careful’ phrasing, this article and the research it refers to is very useful support for the notion that we need more forests if we are to survive here for much longer. Big Pharma and its mainstream ‘medicine’ lackeys can make all kinds of definitive claims about their particular brands of snake oil, but when one is challenging the onslaught of progress one has to use careful language:
the deterioration of the rainforest – through logging, fires and land clearance – has resulted in a decrease in forest transpiration and a lengthening of dry seasons. This might be one of the factors of the severe drought affecting south-east Brazil.
In fairness, this and other examples of cowardly deference to corporate masters might (!) be coming from the reporter, not the author of the study. In any case, the article has some interesting insights into how mainstream science has been separated from reality:
…science has become so fragmented. Atmospheric scientists don’t look at forests as much as they should and vice versa,” said Nobre, who wrote the report for a lay audience. [when you look into the abyss…?]
In Trees Make Rain V we saw how trees enable microbes to put just the right kind of particles in the air to make it rain. It turns out that these are the most productive of all three known types of nucleating particles:
Meteor dust particles, which serve as ice nucleators mostly at temperatures colder than -15 degrees Celsius);
Inorganic soil particles (mainly clays), which also serve as ice nucleators mostly at temperatures colder than -15 degrees Celsius; and
Biological particles, which serve as ice nucleators temperatures as warm as, or warmer than, -5 degrees Celsius.
This is shown in detail in a paper called “The Biologic Origin of Snowflakes and Raindrops” by the Suburban Emergency Management Project.
The most active ice nucleators are biological in origin, declare Christner, et al. in their paper recently published in Science (February 29, 2008). (11) “This is important because the formation of ice in clouds is required for snow and most rainfall. Dust and soot particles can serve as ice nuclei, but biological ice nuclei are capable of catalyzing freezing at much warmer temperatures”, the researchers explain. (14) In other words, a mechanism exists whereby snowflakes and other precipitation can form when cloud temperatures in the troposphere are relatively warm.
LIMA – Peru’s University of Engineering and Technology (UTEC) was about to open the applications for the period 2013, so they needed to get students’ attention. Lima, the capital, and its surrounding villages such as Bujama are located in the coastal deserts of Peru. In these places, there were many people suffering from the lack of clean and potable water.
The rain in this region is almost zero, but its atmospheric humidity is about 98%. Inspired by this, UTEC built the first billboard that produces drinking water out of the air. The billboard has unique technology that captures the air humidity and turns it into drinking water. The billboard has already produced about 2,496.42 gallons of drinking water in a 3 month period, an amount that equals the water consumption of hundreds of families per month.
Like the Marvel Comics superhero Iceman, some bacteria have harnessed frozen water as a weapon. Species such as Pseudomonas syringae have special proteins embedded in their outer membranes that help ice crystals form, and they use them to trigger frost formation at warmer than normal temperatures on plants, later invading through the damaged tissue. When the bacteria die, many of the proteins are wafted up into the atmosphere, where they can alter the weather by seeding clouds and precipitation.
Now scientists from Germany have observed for the first time the step-by-step, microscopic-level action of P. syringae‘s ice-nucleating proteins locking water molecules in place to form ice. More in the full article:
If you cut your forest, the winds will not blow from the ocean and will not bring you rain. Natural forests draw atmospheric moisture inland from the ocean in a positive feedback loop. This builds up precipitation inland, compensating for water lost through river flow and ultimately increasing river runoff due to the sustained low pressure area inland. Forests make rivers.